• SKILL LEVEL AND TYPES

    Skill Type is the broadest occupational category and is based on the type of work performed. It also reflects the field of training or experience that is normally required for entry into occupations. This includes the educational area of study required, as well as the industry of employment in cases where experience within an internal job ladder is required for entry. These categories are intended to indicate easily understood segments of the world of work. The first digit of the NOC code designates the Skill Type (see chart below). For example, Occupations in manufacturing and utilities start with the digit 9. Management Occupations, which are found across all Skill Types, start with the digit 0. The 10 Skill Types that represent the first digit of a NOC code.


    NOC Skill Types
    Skill TypeOccupation
    0Management occupations
    1Business, finance and administration occupations
    2Natural and applied sciences and related occupations
    3Health occupations
    4Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services
    5Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
    6Sales and service occupations
    7Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations
    8Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations
    9Occupations in manufacturing and utilities

    Let us look at each Skill Type in more detail.


    This Skill Type category contains legislators, senior management occupations and middle and other management occupations. These occupations span all Skill Type categories.


    This Skill Type category contains occupations that are concerned with providing financial and business services, administrative and regulatory services and clerical supervision and support services. Some occupations in this Skill Type are unique to the financial and business service sectors; however, most are found in all industries.


    This Skill Type category contains professional and technical occupations in the sciences, including physical and life sciences, engineering, architecture and information technology.


    This Skill Type category includes occupations concerned with providing health care services directly to patients and occupations that provide support to professional and technical health care staff.


    This Skill Type category includes occupations that are concerned with teaching, law, social and community services, social sciences, occupations in public administration including front line public protection services, developing government policy, and administering government and other programs.


    This Skill Type category includes professional and technical occupations related to art and culture, including the performing arts, film and video, broadcasting, journalism, writing, creative design, libraries and museums. It also includes occupations in recreation and sport.


    This Skill Type category contains sales occupations and personal and customer service occupations including hospitality and tourism.


    This Skill Type category includes construction and mechanical trades, trades supervisors and contractors and operators of transportation and heavy equipment. These occupations are found in a wide range of industries.

    This Skill Type category also includes most of the apprenticeable trades. Other occupations in this category usually require completion of college or other programs combined with on-the-job training. Progression to supervisory or self-employed contractor status is possible with experience. There is limited mobility or transferability of skills among occupations in this category due to specific apprenticeship, training and licensing requirements for most occupations.


    This Skill Type category contains supervisory and equipment operation occupations in the natural resource-based sectors of mining, oil and gas production, forestry and logging, agriculture, horticulture, fishing, hunting and trapping. Most occupations in this category are industry specific and do not occur outside of the primary industries.


    This Skill Type category contains supervisory and production occupations in manufacturing, processing and utilities.


    You now know how occupations are classified according to a work domain that is called "Skill Type". We will now learn how the NOC further categorizes occupations according to different levels of skill required for entering occupations.


    In the context of the NOC, Skill Level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in an occupation. The NOC consists of four Skill Levels identified A through D with each level assigned one of two numerical codes ranging from 0 to 7. To illustrate this concept, have a look at the chart below to see the relationship between the alphabetical indicator of each Skill Level and its accompanying numerical digits. Skill Level is primarily based on the nature of education and training required to enter an occupation. This criterion also reflects the experience required and the complexity of the responsibilities involved in the work, compared with other occupations. In most cases, progression to Skill Level A, from B, is not usually possible without completion of additional formal education, whereas progression from Skill Level D to Skill Level C is often achievable through on-the-job training and experience. Each Skill Level is intended to reflect commonly accepted paths to employment in an occupation. Where there are several paths to employment, the Skill Level most commonly identified by employers is used, considering the context of the occupation and the trends in hiring requirements.The second digit of the NOC code represents the Skill Level for all occupations, with the exception of Management which will be discussed below.

    The 4 Skill Levels, A to D, used in the NOC are identified in the second digit of the NOC code.

    NOC Skill Types
    Skill Level (alpha)Skill Level (digit)Nature of Education/ Training

    A

    Occupations usually require university education.
    0 or 1University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level.

    B

    Occupations usually require college or vocational education or apprenticeship training.
    2 or 3Two to three years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP

    or

    Two to five years of apprenticeship training

    or

    Three to four years of secondary school and more than two years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience.

    Occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants are all assigned the Skill Level B.

    C

    Occupations usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training.
    4 or 5Some secondary school education, with up to two years of on-the-job training, training courses or specific work experience.

    D

    On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations.
    6 or 7Short work demonstration or on-the-job training

    or

    No formal educational requirements.
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  • GROUPS AND NOCs - SEMI SKILLED WORKERS

    Major groups follow the broadest categorization of occupations and are identified by the first two digits of an NOC code. It is a roll-up, or, an aggregation of minor groups (which we will look at shortly). There are 40 major groups in the NOC 2011 and these are classified as follows:


    Major Groups
    MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS
    00 Senior management occupations
    01-05 Specialized middle management occupations
    06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services
    07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utililties
    BUSINESS, FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION OCCUPATIONS
    11 Professional occupations in business and finance
    12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations
    13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations
    14 Office support occupations
    15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
    NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
    21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences
    22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences
    HEALTH OCCUPATIONS
    30 Professional occupations in nursing
    31 Professional occupations in health (except Nursing)
    32 Technical occupations in health
    34 Assisting occupations in support of health services
    OCCUPATIONS IN EDUCATION, LAW AND SOCIAL, COMMUNITY AND GOVERNMENT SERVICES
    40 Professional occupations in education services
    41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services
    42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services
    43 Occupations in front-line public protection services
    44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations
    OCCUPATIONS IN ART, CULTURE, RECREATION AND SPORT
    51 Professional occupations in art and culture
    52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
    SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
    62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations
    63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations
    64 Sales representatives and salespersons – wholesale and retail trade
    65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations
    66 Sales and support occupations
    67 Service support and other service occupations n.e.c.
    TRADES, TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
    72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades
    73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades
    74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers
    75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations
    76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations
    NATURAL RESOURCES, AGRICULTURE AND RELATED PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS
    82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production
    84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production
    86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers
    OCCUPATIONS IN MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES
    92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
    94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers
    95 Assemblers in manufacturing
    96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities

    As we have learned, the first digit represents the Skill Type for an occupation and the second digit of the code identifies Skill Level, or the type and duration of training required. This description is just to give the readers a brief idea about NOC, however, if you want to learn in detail, you should go to the link given below where the whole description is available.


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    SEMI SKILLED CATEGORIES - NOC C & D


    141 General office workers

    1411 General office support workers

    1414 Receptionists

    1415 Personnel clerks

    1416 Court clerks

    142 Office equipment operators

    1422 Data entry clerks

    1423 Desktop publishing operators and related occupations

    143 Financial, insurance and related administrative support workers

    1431 Accounting and related clerks

    1432 Payroll clerks

    1434 Banking, insurance and other financial clerks

    1435 Collectors

    145 Library, correspondence and other clerks

    1451 Library assistants and clerks

    1452 Correspondence, publication and regulatory clerks

    1454 Survey interviewers and statistical clerks

    151 Mail and message distribution occupations

    1511 Mail, postal and related workers

    1512 Letter carriers

    1513 Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors

    152 Supply chain logistics, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations

    1521 Shippers and receivers

    1522 Storekeepers and partspersons

    1523 Production logistics co-ordinators

    1524 Purchasing and inventory control workers

    1525 Dispatchers

    1526 Transportation route and crew schedulers

    3411 Dental assistants

    3413 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates

    3414 Other assisting occupations in support of health services

    441 Home care providers and educational support occupations

    4411 Home child care providers

    4412 Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations

    4413 Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants

    442 Legal and public protection support occupations

    4421 Sheriffs and bailiffs

    4422 Correctional service officers

    4423 By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

    641 Sales and account representatives - wholesale trade (non-technical)

    6411 Sales and account representatives - wholesale trade (non-technical)

    642 Retail salespersons

    6421 Retail salespersons

    651 Occupations in food and beverage service

    6511 Maîtres d'hôtel and hosts/hostesses

    6512 Bartenders

    6513 Food and beverage servers

    652 Occupations in travel and accommodation

    6521 Travel counsellors

    6522 Pursers and flight attendants

    6523 Airline ticket and service agents

    6524 Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks

    6525 Hotel front desk clerks

    653 Tourism and amusement services occupations

    6531 Tour and travel guides

    6532 Outdoor sport and recreational guides

    6533 Casino occupations

    654 Security guards and related security service occupations

    6541 Security guards and related security service occupations

    655 Customer and information services representatives

    6551 Customer services representatives - financial institutions

    6552 Other customer and information services representatives

    656 Other occupations in personal service

    6561 Image, social and other personal consultants

    6562 Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations

    6563 Pet groomers and animal care workers

    6564 Other personal service occupations

    744 Other installers, repairers and servicers

    7441 Residential and commercial installers and servicers

    7442 Waterworks and gas maintenance workers

    7444 Pest controllers and fumigators

    7445 Other repairers and servicers

    745 Longshore workers and material handlers

    7451 Longshore workers

    7452 Material handlers

    751 Motor vehicle and transit drivers

    7511 Transport truck drivers

    7512 Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators

    7513 Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs

    7514 Delivery and courier service drivers

    752 Heavy equipment operators

    7521 Heavy equipment operators (except crane)

    7522 Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers

    753 Other transport equipment operators and related maintenance workers

    7531 Railway yard and track maintenance workers

    7532 Water transport deck and engine room crew

    7533 Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations

    7534 Air transport ramp attendants

    7535 Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers

    841 Mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling

    8411 Underground mine service and support workers

    8412 Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

    842 Logging and forestry workers

    8421 Chain saw and skidder operators

    8422 Silviculture and forestry workers

    843 Agriculture and horticulture workers

    8431 General farm workers

    8432 Nursery and greenhouse workers

    844 Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations

    8441 Fishing vessel deckhands

    8442 Trappers and hunters

    941 Machine operators and related workers in mineral and metal products processing and manufacturing

    9411 Machine operators, mineral and metal processing

    9412 Foundry workers

    9413 Glass forming and finishing machine operators and glass cutters

    9414 Concrete, clay and stone forming operators

    9415 Inspectors and testers, mineral and metal processing

    9416 Metalworking and forging machine operators

    9417 Machining tool operators

    9418 Other metal products machine operators

    942 Machine operators and related workers in chemical, plastic and rubber processing

    9421 Chemical plant machine operators

    9422 Plastics processing machine operators

    9423 Rubber processing machine operators and related workers

    943 Machine operators and related workers in pulp and paper production and wood processing and manufacturing

    9431 Sawmill machine operators

    9432 Pulp mill machine operators

    9433 Papermaking and finishing machine operators

    9434 Other wood processing machine operators

    9435 Paper converting machine operators

    9436 Lumber graders and other wood processing inspectors and graders

    9437 Woodworking machine operators

    944 Machine operators and related workers in textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing

    9441 Textile fibre and yarn, hide and pelt processing machine operators and workers

    9442 Weavers, knitters and other fabric making occupations

    9445 Fabric, fur and leather cutters

    9446 Industrial sewing machine operators

    9447 Inspectors and graders, textile, fabric, fur and leather products manufacturing

    946 Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing

    9461 Process control and machine operators, food, beverage and associated products processing

    9462 Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers

    9463 Fish and seafood plant workers

    9465 Testers and graders, food, beverage and associated products processing

    947 Printing equipment operators and related occupations

    9471 Plateless printing equipment operators

    9472 Camera, platemaking and other prepress occupations

    9473 Binding and finishing machine operators

    9474 Photographic and film processors

    952 Mechanical, electrical and electronics assemblers

    9521 Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors

    9522 Motor vehicle assemblers, inspectors and testers

    9523 Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers

    9524 Assemblers and inspectors, electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing

    9525 Assemblers, fabricators and inspectors, industrial electrical motors and transformers

    9526 Mechanical assemblers and inspectors

    9527 Machine operators and inspectors, electrical apparatus manufacturing

    953 Other assembly and related occupations

    9531 Boat assemblers and inspectors

    9532 Furniture and fixture assemblers and inspectors

    9533 Other wood products assemblers and inspectors

    9534 Furniture finishers and refinishers

    9535 Plastic products assemblers, finishers and inspectors

    9536 Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators

    9537 Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors


    661 Cashiers

    6611 Cashiers

    662 Other sales support and related occupations

    6621 Service station attendants

    6622 Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers

    6623 Other sales related occupations

    671 Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations

    6711 Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations

    672 Support occupations in accommodation, travel and amusement services

    6721 Support occupations in accommodation, travel and facilities set-up services

    6722 Operators and attendants in amusement, recreation and sport

    673 Cleaners

    6731 Light duty cleaners

    6732 Specialized cleaners

    6733 Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents

    674 Other service support and related occupations, n.e.c.

    6741 Dry cleaning, laundry and related occupations

    6742 Other service support occupations, n.e.c.

    761 Trades helpers and labourers

    7611 Construction trades helpers and labourers

    7612 Other trades helpers and labourers

    762 Public works and other labourers, n.e.c.

    7621 Public works and maintenance labourers

    7622 Railway and motor transport labourers

    861 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers

    8611 Harvesting labourers

    8612 Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers

    8613 Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers

    8614 Mine labourers

    8615 Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers

    8616 Logging and forestry labourers

    961 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities

    9611 Labourers in mineral and metal processing

    9612 Labourers in metal fabrication

    9613 Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities

    9614 Labourers in wood, pulp and paper processing

    9615 Labourers in rubber and plastic products manufacturing

    9616 Labourers in textile processing

    9617 Labourers in food, beverage and associated products processing

    9618 Labourers in fish and seafood processing

    9619 Other labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities

    Source: Service Canada Official website

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  • APPLYING FOR WORK PERMITS

    Canada is a land of opportunities for foreign skilled workers, according to the official website of Canadian Citizenship and Immigration, Every year; over 150,000 foreign workers enter Canada to work temporarily in jobs that help Canadian employers address skill shortages, or to work as live-in caregivers. There is shortage of skilled workers all over Canada, specially in interior British Columbia and provinces like Manitoba, Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island and Alberta, connect to these employers by creating and uploading your video resume on our site.

    In Canada, for certain professions every province has its own licensing and regulatory requirements, if you acquired your education and skills from a country other than Canada, you may be asked to get a license or to be registered with a regulatory body. In order to do so a credential evaluation / trade assessment will be needed to complete the professional certification. We assist you in both processes. send your details for assessment and evaluation of your options. In case you need a trade certification our online workshops can help you to prepare for your Red-Seal Certification Exam.


    Your employer may need to get a labour market impact (LMIA) to hire you. This is a document from the Government of Canada that gives your employer permission to hire a foreign worker.If you have found an employer in Canada, we can assist your employer in this application process


    No matter where you apply, you must:

    • prove to an officer that you will leave Canada when your work permit expires,
    • show that you have enough money to take care of yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada and to return home,
    • obey the law and have no record of criminal activity (we may ask you to give us a police clearance certificate),
    • not be a danger to Canada’s security,
    • be in good health and have a medical exam, if needed,
    • not plan to work for an employer listed with the status “ineligible” on the list of employers who failed to comply with the conditions,
    • not plan to work for an employer who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages, and
    • give the officer any other documents they ask for to prove you can enter the country.

    Global Skills Strategy applicants: You can only benefit from two-week application processing if you apply from outside of Canada.


    The Global Skills Strategy can help you get workers faster with:

    • a two-week processing time for 80% of work permit applications
    • work permit exemptions for highly-skilled workers on short-term work assignments and for researchers involved in a short-duration research project in Canada
    • a dedicated service channel for companies looking to make large, job-creating investments in Canada

    There are two ways your worker can qualify for two-week processing.

    1. They are Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) exempt and:
      • they are applying from outside Canada;
      • the job is employer-specific and either skill type 0 (managerial) or skill level A (professional) of the National Occupation Classification; and
      • you have submitted an offer of employment using the Employer Portal and paid the employer compliance fee

      OR

    2. You have a positive LMIA for an employer-specific job which has indicated eligibility though the Global Talent Stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.

    The spouse/common-law partner and dependents of the worker are also eligible for two-week processing. They must apply at the same time as the worker.


    To benefit from faster processing times, after you have submitted a letter of offer, the worker must:

    • apply online from outside of Canada
    • submit a complete application
    • identify themselves as part of the Global Talent Stream through the Come To Canada tool, if applicable. This information will be in the LMIA
    • submit at the time of application (where required)
      • medical exam
      • biometric fee

    Workers must also submit the results of their biometrics within 14 calendar days from the date of application.

    Family members such as spouse or dependents are also eligible for two-week processing if the worker meets the criteria. They must apply at the same time.


    Most people need a work permit to work in Canada. If you’re not sure if you need one, find out if you need a work permit.

    There are two types of work permits: open work permits and employer-specific work permits.

    Open work permits

    An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, except for an employer:

    • who is listed as ineligible on the list of employers who have failed to comply with the conditions, or
    • who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages.

    You can only get an open work permit in specific situations.

    An employer-specific work permit allows you to work according to the conditions on your work permit, which include:

    • the name of the employer you can work for,
    • how long you can work, and
    • the location where you can work (if applicable).
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  • THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW!

    Once we get your application for a work permit, we will start to process it.

    When we do this, we may ask you to go to an interview with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada officials in your country or to send more information.

    You might need a medical exam to enter Canada. If you do, an officer will tell you so and will send you instructions on what to do. Note: A medical exam can add over three months to the time it takes us to process your application.

    An officer will also check:

    • the list of employers who failed to comply with the conditions to make sure that the employer can hire you,
    • that you have not worked in Canada for one or more periods that total four years or more (with some exceptions), and
    • that you qualify for a work permit and have given us all the documents we need.

    If you are approved to work, you will get a “letter of introduction” that states you are allowed to work in Canada. That letter is not a work permit.

    When you get to Canada, you must show the letter to the border services officer (BSO). You must also show:

    • your passport,
    • your visa (if you need one) and
    • any travel documents you are carrying (such as airline tickets).

    The BSO may then give you a work permit that sets out the conditions of your stay and work in Canada.

    If you are eligible to apply for the work permit as you enter Canada and are approved, the BSO may then give you a work permit that sets out any conditions on your stay and work in Canada.

    If you are eligible to apply from within Canada, we will mail the work permit to the address in Canada you provided.

    The work permit will outline:

    • the type of work you can do,
    • the employer you can work for,
    • where you can work and
    • how long you can work.

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