Semi Skilled Workers
SKILL LEVEL AND TYPES
Skill Type is the broadest occupational category and is based on the type of work performed. It also reflects the field of training or experience that is normally required for entry into occupations. This includes the educational area of study required, as well as the industry of employment in cases where experience within an internal job ladder is required for entry. These categories are intended to indicate easily understood segments of the world of work. The first digit of the NOC code designates the Skill Type (see chart below). For example, Occupations in manufacturing and utilities start with the digit 9. Management Occupations, which are found across all Skill Types, start with the digit 0. The 10 Skill Types that represent the first digit of a NOC code.
NOC Skill Types Skill Type Occupation 0 Management occupations 1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3 Health occupations 4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6 Sales and service occupations 7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities
Let us look at each Skill Type in more detail.
This Skill Type category contains legislators, senior management occupations and middle and other management occupations. These occupations span all Skill Type categories.
This Skill Type category contains occupations that are concerned with providing financial and business services, administrative and regulatory services and clerical supervision and support services. Some occupations in this Skill Type are unique to the financial and business service sectors; however, most are found in all industries.
This Skill Type category contains professional and technical occupations in the sciences, including physical and life sciences, engineering, architecture and information technology.
This Skill Type category includes occupations concerned with providing health care services directly to patients and occupations that provide support to professional and technical health care staff.
This Skill Type category includes occupations that are concerned with teaching, law, social and community services, social sciences, occupations in public administration including front line public protection services, developing government policy, and administering government and other programs.
This Skill Type category includes professional and technical occupations related to art and culture, including the performing arts, film and video, broadcasting, journalism, writing, creative design, libraries and museums. It also includes occupations in recreation and sport.
This Skill Type category contains sales occupations and personal and customer service occupations including hospitality and tourism.
This Skill Type category includes construction and mechanical trades, trades supervisors and contractors and operators of transportation and heavy equipment. These occupations are found in a wide range of industries.
This Skill Type category also includes most of the apprenticeable trades. Other occupations in this category usually require completion of college or other programs combined with on-the-job training. Progression to supervisory or self-employed contractor status is possible with experience. There is limited mobility or transferability of skills among occupations in this category due to specific apprenticeship, training and licensing requirements for most occupations.
This Skill Type category contains supervisory and equipment operation occupations in the natural resource-based sectors of mining, oil and gas production, forestry and logging, agriculture, horticulture, fishing, hunting and trapping. Most occupations in this category are industry specific and do not occur outside of the primary industries.
This Skill Type category contains supervisory and production occupations in manufacturing, processing and utilities.
You now know how occupations are classified according to a work domain that is called "Skill Type". We will now learn how the NOC further categorizes occupations according to different levels of skill required for entering occupations.
In the context of the NOC, Skill Level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in an occupation. The NOC consists of four Skill Levels identified A through D with each level assigned one of two numerical codes ranging from 0 to 7. To illustrate this concept, have a look at the chart below to see the relationship between the alphabetical indicator of each Skill Level and its accompanying numerical digits. Skill Level is primarily based on the nature of education and training required to enter an occupation. This criterion also reflects the experience required and the complexity of the responsibilities involved in the work, compared with other occupations. In most cases, progression to Skill Level A, from B, is not usually possible without completion of additional formal education, whereas progression from Skill Level D to Skill Level C is often achievable through on-the-job training and experience. Each Skill Level is intended to reflect commonly accepted paths to employment in an occupation. Where there are several paths to employment, the Skill Level most commonly identified by employers is used, considering the context of the occupation and the trends in hiring requirements.The second digit of the NOC code represents the Skill Level for all occupations, with the exception of Management which will be discussed below.
The 4 Skill Levels, A to D, used in the NOC are identified in the second digit of the NOC code.
NOC Skill Types Skill Level (alpha) Skill Level (digit) Nature of Education/ Training
AOccupations usually require university education.
0 or 1 University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level.
BOccupations usually require college or vocational education or apprenticeship training.
2 or 3 Two to three years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP
Two to five years of apprenticeship training
Three to four years of secondary school and more than two years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience.Occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants are all assigned the Skill Level B.
COccupations usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training.
4 or 5 Some secondary school education, with up to two years of on-the-job training, training courses or specific work experience.
DOn-the-job training is usually provided for occupations.
6 or 7 Short work demonstration or on-the-job training
orNo formal educational requirements.
GROUPS AND NOCs - SEMI SKILLED WORKERS
Major groups follow the broadest categorization of occupations and are identified by the first two digits of an NOC code. It is a roll-up, or, an aggregation of minor groups (which we will look at shortly). There are 40 major groups in the NOC 2011 and these are classified as follows:
Major Groups MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS 00 Senior management occupations 01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utililties BUSINESS, FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION OCCUPATIONS 11 Professional occupations in business and finance 12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 14 Office support occupations 15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences HEALTH OCCUPATIONS 30 Professional occupations in nursing 31 Professional occupations in health (except Nursing) 32 Technical occupations in health 34 Assisting occupations in support of health services OCCUPATIONS IN EDUCATION, LAW AND SOCIAL, COMMUNITY AND GOVERNMENT SERVICES 40 Professional occupations in education services 41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations OCCUPATIONS IN ART, CULTURE, RECREATION AND SPORT 51 Professional occupations in art and culture 52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 64 Sales representatives and salespersons – wholesale and retail trade 65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 66 Sales and support occupations 67 Service support and other service occupations n.e.c. TRADES, TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations NATURAL RESOURCES, AGRICULTURE AND RELATED PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS 82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers OCCUPATIONS IN MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES 92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 95 Assemblers in manufacturing 96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities
As we have learned, the first digit represents the Skill Type for an occupation and the second digit of the code identifies Skill Level, or the type and duration of training required. This description is just to give the readers a brief idea about NOC, however, if you want to learn in detail, you should go to the link given below where the whole description is available.
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SEMI SKILLED CATEGORIES - NOC C & D
141 General office workers
1411 General office support workers
1415 Personnel clerks
1416 Court clerks
142 Office equipment operators
1422 Data entry clerks
1423 Desktop publishing operators and related occupations
143 Financial, insurance and related administrative support workers
1431 Accounting and related clerks
1432 Payroll clerks
1434 Banking, insurance and other financial clerks
145 Library, correspondence and other clerks
1451 Library assistants and clerks
1452 Correspondence, publication and regulatory clerks
1454 Survey interviewers and statistical clerks
151 Mail and message distribution occupations
1511 Mail, postal and related workers
1512 Letter carriers
1513 Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors
152 Supply chain logistics, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
1521 Shippers and receivers
1522 Storekeepers and partspersons
1523 Production logistics co-ordinators
1524 Purchasing and inventory control workers
1526 Transportation route and crew schedulers
3411 Dental assistants
3413 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
3414 Other assisting occupations in support of health services
441 Home care providers and educational support occupations
4411 Home child care providers
4412 Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations
4413 Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
442 Legal and public protection support occupations
4421 Sheriffs and bailiffs
4422 Correctional service officers
4423 By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.
641 Sales and account representatives - wholesale trade (non-technical)
6411 Sales and account representatives - wholesale trade (non-technical)
642 Retail salespersons
6421 Retail salespersons
651 Occupations in food and beverage service
6511 MaÃ®tres d'hÃ´tel and hosts/hostesses
6513 Food and beverage servers
652 Occupations in travel and accommodation
6521 Travel counsellors
6522 Pursers and flight attendants
6523 Airline ticket and service agents
6524 Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks
6525 Hotel front desk clerks
653 Tourism and amusement services occupations
6531 Tour and travel guides
6532 Outdoor sport and recreational guides
6533 Casino occupations
654 Security guards and related security service occupations
6541 Security guards and related security service occupations
655 Customer and information services representatives
6551 Customer services representatives - financial institutions
6552 Other customer and information services representatives
656 Other occupations in personal service
6561 Image, social and other personal consultants
6562 Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
6563 Pet groomers and animal care workers
6564 Other personal service occupations
744 Other installers, repairers and servicers
7441 Residential and commercial installers and servicers
7442 Waterworks and gas maintenance workers
7444 Pest controllers and fumigators
7445 Other repairers and servicers
745 Longshore workers and material handlers
7451 Longshore workers
7452 Material handlers
751 Motor vehicle and transit drivers
7511 Transport truck drivers
7512 Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
7513 Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
7514 Delivery and courier service drivers
752 Heavy equipment operators
7521 Heavy equipment operators (except crane)
7522 Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers
753 Other transport equipment operators and related maintenance workers
7531 Railway yard and track maintenance workers
7532 Water transport deck and engine room crew
7533 Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
7534 Air transport ramp attendants
7535 Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers
841 Mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling
8411 Underground mine service and support workers
8412 Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators
842 Logging and forestry workers
8421 Chain saw and skidder operators
8422 Silviculture and forestry workers
843 Agriculture and horticulture workers
8431 General farm workers
8432 Nursery and greenhouse workers
844 Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations
8441 Fishing vessel deckhands
8442 Trappers and hunters
941 Machine operators and related workers in mineral and metal products processing and manufacturing
9411 Machine operators, mineral and metal processing
9412 Foundry workers
9413 Glass forming and finishing machine operators and glass cutters
9414 Concrete, clay and stone forming operators
9415 Inspectors and testers, mineral and metal processing
9416 Metalworking and forging machine operators
9417 Machining tool operators
9418 Other metal products machine operators
942 Machine operators and related workers in chemical, plastic and rubber processing
9421 Chemical plant machine operators
9422 Plastics processing machine operators
9423 Rubber processing machine operators and related workers
943 Machine operators and related workers in pulp and paper production and wood processing and manufacturing
9431 Sawmill machine operators
9432 Pulp mill machine operators
9433 Papermaking and finishing machine operators
9434 Other wood processing machine operators
9435 Paper converting machine operators
9436 Lumber graders and other wood processing inspectors and graders
9437 Woodworking machine operators
944 Machine operators and related workers in textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
9441 Textile fibre and yarn, hide and pelt processing machine operators and workers
9442 Weavers, knitters and other fabric making occupations
9445 Fabric, fur and leather cutters
9446 Industrial sewing machine operators
9447 Inspectors and graders, textile, fabric, fur and leather products manufacturing
946 Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing
9461 Process control and machine operators, food, beverage and associated products processing
9462 Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
9463 Fish and seafood plant workers
9465 Testers and graders, food, beverage and associated products processing
947 Printing equipment operators and related occupations
9471 Plateless printing equipment operators
9472 Camera, platemaking and other prepress occupations
9473 Binding and finishing machine operators
9474 Photographic and film processors
952 Mechanical, electrical and electronics assemblers
9521 Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors
9522 Motor vehicle assemblers, inspectors and testers
9523 Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers
9524 Assemblers and inspectors, electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing
9525 Assemblers, fabricators and inspectors, industrial electrical motors and transformers
9526 Mechanical assemblers and inspectors
9527 Machine operators and inspectors, electrical apparatus manufacturing
953 Other assembly and related occupations
9531 Boat assemblers and inspectors
9532 Furniture and fixture assemblers and inspectors
9533 Other wood products assemblers and inspectors
9534 Furniture finishers and refinishers
9535 Plastic products assemblers, finishers and inspectors
9536 Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators
9537 Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors
662 Other sales support and related occupations
6621 Service station attendants
6622 Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers
6623 Other sales related occupations
671 Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations
6711 Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations
672 Support occupations in accommodation, travel and amusement services
6721 Support occupations in accommodation, travel and facilities set-up services
6722 Operators and attendants in amusement, recreation and sport
6731 Light duty cleaners
6732 Specialized cleaners
6733 Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
674 Other service support and related occupations, n.e.c.
6741 Dry cleaning, laundry and related occupations
6742 Other service support occupations, n.e.c.
761 Trades helpers and labourers
7611 Construction trades helpers and labourers
7612 Other trades helpers and labourers
762 Public works and other labourers, n.e.c.
7621 Public works and maintenance labourers
7622 Railway and motor transport labourers
861 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers
8611 Harvesting labourers
8612 Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers
8613 Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers
8614 Mine labourers
8615 Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers
8616 Logging and forestry labourers
961 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities
9611 Labourers in mineral and metal processing
9612 Labourers in metal fabrication
9613 Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities
9614 Labourers in wood, pulp and paper processing
9615 Labourers in rubber and plastic products manufacturing
9616 Labourers in textile processing
9617 Labourers in food, beverage and associated products processing
9618 Labourers in fish and seafood processing
9619 Other labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities
APPLYING FOR WORK PERMITS
Canada is a land of opportunities for foreign skilled workers, according to the official website of Canadian Citizenship and Immigration, Every year; over 150,000 foreign workers enter Canada to work temporarily in jobs that help Canadian employers address skill shortages, or to work as live-in caregivers. There is shortage of skilled workers all over Canada, specially in interior British Columbia and provinces like Manitoba, Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island and Alberta, connect to these employers by creating and uploading your video resume on our site.
In Canada, for certain professions every province has its own licensing and regulatory requirements, if you acquired your education and skills from a country other than Canada, you may be asked to get a license or to be registered with a regulatory body. In order to do so a credential evaluation / trade assessment will be needed to complete the professional certification. We assist you in both processes. send your details for assessment and evaluation of your options. In case you need a trade certification our online workshops can help you to prepare for your Red-Seal Certification Exam.
Your employer may need to get a labour market impact (LMIA) to hire you. This is a document from the Government of Canada that gives your employer permission to hire a foreign worker.If you have found an employer in Canada, we can assist your employer in this application process
No matter where you apply, you must:
- prove to an officer that you will leave Canada when your work permit expires,
- show that you have enough money to take care of yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada and to return home,
- obey the law and have no record of criminal activity (we may ask you to give us a police clearance certificate),
- not be a danger to Canada’s security,
- be in good health and have a medical exam, if needed,
- not plan to work for an employer listed with the status “ineligible” on the list of employers who failed to comply with the conditions,
- not plan to work for an employer who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages, and
- give the officer any other documents they ask for to prove you can enter the country.
Global Skills Strategy applicants: You can only benefit from two-week application processing if you apply from outside of Canada.
The Global Skills Strategy can help you get workers faster with:
- a two-week processing time for 80% of work permit applications
- work permit exemptions for highly-skilled workers on short-term work assignments and for researchers involved in a short-duration research project in Canada
- a dedicated service channel for companies looking to make large, job-creating investments in Canada
There are two ways your worker can qualify for two-week processing.
- They are Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) exempt and:
- they are applying from outside Canada;
- the job is employer-specific and either skill type 0 (managerial) or skill level A (professional) of the National Occupation Classification; and
- you have submitted an offer of employment using the Employer Portal and paid the employer compliance fee
- You have a positive LMIA for an employer-specific job which has indicated eligibility though the Global Talent Stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.
The spouse/common-law partner and dependents of the worker are also eligible for two-week processing. They must apply at the same time as the worker.
To benefit from faster processing times, after you have submitted a letter of offer, the worker must:
- apply online from outside of Canada
- submit a complete application
- identify themselves as part of the Global Talent Stream through the Come To Canada tool, if applicable. This information will be in the LMIA
- submit at the time of application (where required)
- medical exam
- biometric fee
Workers must also submit the results of their biometrics within 14 calendar days from the date of application.
Family members such as spouse or dependents are also eligible for two-week processing if the worker meets the criteria. They must apply at the same time.
Most people need a work permit to work in Canada. If you’re not sure if you need one, find out if you need a work permit.
There are two types of work permits: open work permits and employer-specific work permits.
Open work permits
An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, except for an employer:
- who is listed as ineligible on the list of employers who have failed to comply with the conditions, or
- who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages.
You can only get an open work permit in specific situations.
An employer-specific work permit allows you to work according to the conditions on your work permit, which include:
- the name of the employer you can work for,
- how long you can work, and
- the location where you can work (if applicable).
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW!
Once we get your application for a work permit, we will start to process it.
When we do this, we may ask you to go to an interview with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada officials in your country or to send more information.
You might need a medical exam to enter Canada. If you do, an officer will tell you so and will send you instructions on what to do. Note: A medical exam can add over three months to the time it takes us to process your application.
An officer will also check:
- the list of employers who failed to comply with the conditions to make sure that the employer can hire you,
- that you have not worked in Canada for one or more periods that total four years or more (with some exceptions), and
- that you qualify for a work permit and have given us all the documents we need.
If you are approved to work, you will get a “letter of introduction” that states you are allowed to work in Canada. That letter is not a work permit.
When you get to Canada, you must show the letter to the border services officer (BSO). You must also show:
- your passport,
- your visa (if you need one) and
- any travel documents you are carrying (such as airline tickets).
The BSO may then give you a work permit that sets out the conditions of your stay and work in Canada.
If you are eligible to apply for the work permit as you enter Canada and are approved, the BSO may then give you a work permit that sets out any conditions on your stay and work in Canada.
If you are eligible to apply from within Canada, we will mail the work permit to the address in Canada you provided.
The work permit will outline:
- the type of work you can do,
- the employer you can work for,
- where you can work and
- how long you can work.